What’s the difference between editing and proofreading?

I was following a discussion on Facebook a while back about a fellow writer wanting to know why she needed a proofreader if she already had an editor.

There are different types of editors doing different things; there are line editors and development editors while a copy editor’s job is to proof the manuscript, and only after the development and line editors have finished. Copy editing is the final stage where the copy editor runs his/her eye over the manuscript for grammar, punctuation, spelling etc.

Here’s an interesting post about editing from NY Book Editors that someone had posted in a comment.

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